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《工程测量 》各位考生:请将选择题、填空题答案填至下表中 单项选择题答案 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 C C A A B A

济宁学历提升服务电话15315377317

 各位考生选择题、填空题答案填至下表XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

单项选择题答案XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

1XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

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 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

一、单选题(20题,每题2分,共40分,四个备选答案中,有一个最符合题意)XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

1 用回测法观测水平角,测完上半测回后,发现水准管气泡偏离2格,在此情况下应(   )。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、继续观测下半测回      B、整平后观测下半测回      C整平后全部重测         D、以上选项都不对XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

2测定点的平面坐标的主要工作是(   )。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、测量水平距离               B、测量水平角           C、测量水平距离和水平角              D、测量竖直角XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

3测量的基本工作包括(   )。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、测角、测边、测高差          B、导线测量              C、距离测量                   D、角度测量XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

4经纬仪对中误差属(   )。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、偶然误差         B、系统误差          C、中误差           D、平均误差XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

5初测导线欲与国家大地点联测时,要进行的两化改正是指(   )。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、先将导线测量成果改化到高斯平面上,再改化到假定水准面上XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B、先将导线测量成果改化到大地水准面上,再改化到高斯平面上XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C、先将导线测量成果改化到参考椭球面上,再改化到高斯平面上XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D、先将导线测量成果改化到大地水准面上,再改化到参考椭球平面上XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

6直线方位角与该直线的反方位角相差(   )。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A180°              B360°                C90°                 D270°XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

7同一条等高线上的各点,其(   )必定相等。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、地面高程                 B、水平距离              C、水平角度                  D、地面坡度XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

8.在一张图纸上等高距不变时,等高线平距与地面坡度的关系是(   )。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、平距大则坡度小              B、平距大则坡度大        C、平距大则坡度不变           D、以上都不是XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

9.在地形测量中,大小平板仪对中容许误差为(   )。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A25mm           B3mm          C30mm            D0.05×M mmM为测图比例尺分母)XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

10. 两不同高程的点,其坡度应为两点(   )之比,再乘以100%。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、高差与其斜距           B、高差与其平距            C、平距与其斜距               D、以上都不是XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

11. 在桥梁中线的两端埋设两个(   ),这两个点之间的连线称为桥轴线。A、里程点            B、水准点              C、标志点                     D、控制点XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

12.  12000地形图的比例尺精度是(   )。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A0.2cm                B2cm                C0.2m                 D2mXjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

13.在各种工程的施工中,把图纸上设计的建筑物位置在实地上标定出来的工作称为(   )。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、施工放样                 B、施工测量                C、测设                  D、以上都对XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

14. 采用偏角法测设圆曲线时,其偏角应等于相应弧长所对圆心角的(   )。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A2倍                  B1/2                C2/3                        D3/2XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

15. 边坡放样是指用边桩在地面上把(   )施工界限标定出来。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A、路基                   B、路基边坡               C、路面                     D、以上都不是XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

16. 若竖盘为全圆式顺时针注记,在进行竖直角观测时,盘左读数为L,盘右读数为R,指标差为x,则盘左盘右竖直角的正确值是(    )。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A90°-L-x R+x-270°     B90°-L+x R-x-270°      CL+x-90° 270°-R-x         DL-x-90° 270°-R+xXjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

17在小范围内进行大比例尺地形图测绘时,以(    )作为投影面。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A参考椭球面             B大地水准面              C圆球面                   D水平面XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

18钢尺的尺长误差对距离测量产生的影响属于(   )XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A.偶然误差 B.系统误差XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C.偶然误差也可能是系统误差 D.既不是偶然误差也不是系统误差XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

19.导线测量角度闭合差的调整方法是(   )XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A.反号按角度个数平均分配 B.反号按角度大小比例分配        C.反号按边数平均分配 D.反号按边长比例分配XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

20光学经纬仪测量水平角竖直角时,度盘与读数指标的关系是(   )XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

A 水平盘转动,读数指标不动;竖盘不动,读数指标转动;XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

B 水平盘转动,读数指标不动;竖盘转动,读数指标不动;XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

C 水平盘不动,读数指标随照准部转动;竖盘随望远镜转动,读数指标不动;XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

D 水平盘不动,读数指标随照准部转动;竖盘不动,读数指标转动。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

二、填空题(共20分,每空1分。)XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

1.确定地面点位的三项基本工作是(高差测量)、(水平角测量)和(水平距离测量)。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

2.水准仪由(望远镜)、(水准器)和 (基座)三部分构成。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

3.导线测量包括(闭合导线)、(附合导线)和 (支导线)三种导线布置形式,它的外业工作包括(选点)、(量边)和(测角)。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

4.控制测量分为(平面控制测量)和(高程控制测量)两种。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

5.水准测量路线有(闭合水准路线)、(附合水准路线)和(支水准路线)三种形式。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

6.平板仪的安置包括(对中)、(整平)和(定向)三项工作。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

三、简答题(共30分,每题5分。)XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

1、测定与测设有何主要区别?XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

答:测定是对地面上已有的地物和地貌进行测量,计算其坐标或在图纸上描绘出来;测设是把图纸上设计好的建筑物位置在实地上标定出来。2、水准路线有哪些形式?各种路线形式的概念是什么?XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

答:XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

1)附合水准路线XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

从已知水准点出发,沿各个待定高程的点进行水准测量,最后附合到另一水准点BM2,这种水准路线称为附合水准路线。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

2)闭合水准路线XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

由已知水准点出发,沿环线进行水准测量,最后回到原水准点BM3上,称为闭合水准路线。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

3)支水准路线XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

由已知水准点出发,既不附合到其他水准点上,也不自行闭合,称为支水准路线。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

3、说明导线选点应注意的问题。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

答:选点时应注意下列事项:XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

(1)相邻点间应通视良好,地势平坦,便于测角和量距。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

(2)点位应选在土质坚实,便于安置仪器和保存标志的地方。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

(3)视野开阔,便于施测碎部。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

(4)导线各边的长度应大致相等,除特殊情形外,应不大于350m,也不宜小于50mXjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

(5)导线点应有足够的密度,分布较均匀,便于控制整个测区。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

4、什么叫地形图、地形图比例尺、地形图比例尺精度?XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

答:地形图:在图上既表示地物的平面分布状况,又用特定的符号表示地貌的起伏情况的图,称为地形图。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

地形图的比例尺:地形图上任意线段的长度d与它所代表的地面上的实际水平长度D之比,称为地形图的比例尺。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

比例尺精度:图上0.1mm所代表的实地水平距离称为比例尺精度,用ε表示,XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

5、简述光学经纬仪对中、整平的步骤。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

答:对中目的是使仪器的中心与测站点位于同一铅垂线上。先目估三脚架头大致水平,且三脚架中心大致对准地面标志中心,踏紧一条架脚。双手分别握住另两条架腿稍离地面前后左右摆动,眼睛看对中器的望远镜,直至分划圈中心对准地面标志中心为止,放下两架腿并踏紧。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

先通过升降脚架使圆水准器泡居中,然后利用基座上三个脚螺旋使照准部水准管气泡居中,从而导致竖轴竖直和水平度盘水平。精确整平时,先转动照准部,使照准部水准管与任一对脚螺旋的连线平行,两手同时向内或外转动这两个脚螺旋,使水准管气泡居中。将照准部旋转90°,转动第三个脚螺旋,使水准管气泡居中,按以上步骤反复进行,直到照准部转至任意位置气泡皆居中为止。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 6、在测量过程中产生误差的原因主要有哪些?XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

答:因人在观测时分辨率不高而进行估读所造成的误差;XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

外界环境(风、震动)引起的误差;XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

仪器设置缺陷所造成的误差。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

计算(共1题,10分)XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

如图所示,已知水准点的高程为33.012m1、2、3点为待定高程点,水准测量观测的各段高差及路线长度标注在图中,试计算各点高程。要求在下列表格中计算。XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

点号XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

L(km)XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

h(m)XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

V(mm)XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

h+V(m)XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

H(m)XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

AXjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

33.012XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

0.4XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

-1.424XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

1XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

0.3XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

+2.376XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

2XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

0.5XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

+2.385XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

3XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

0.3XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

-3.366XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

AXjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

辅助计算XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

(mm)=XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

答:XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

点号XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

L(km)XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

h(m)XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

V(mm)XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

h+V(m)XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

H(m)XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

AXjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

33.012XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

0.4XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

-1.424XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

0.008XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

-1.416XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

1XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

31.569XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

0.3XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

+2.376XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

0.006XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

+2.382XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

2XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

33.978XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

0.5XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

+2.385XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

0.009XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

+2.394XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

3XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

36.372XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

0.3XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

-3.366XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

0.006XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

-3.360XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

AXjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

33.012XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

1.5XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

-0.029XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

0.029XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

0.000XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

辅助计算XjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

(mm)=±36.7mmXjH★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

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