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Passage (每题6分,总共30分) British universities, groaning under the burden of a huge increase in studen

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   Passage  (每题6分,总共30分)wGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

British universities, groaning under the burden of a huge increase in student numbers, are warning that the tradition of a free education is at risk.  The universities have threatened to impose an admission fee on students to plug a gap in revenue if the government does not act to improve their finances and scrap some public spending cutbacks.wGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

The government responded to the universitiesthreat by setting up the most fundamental review of higher education for a generation, under a non-party troubleshooter (调停人), Sir Ron Dearing.wGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

One in three school-leavers enters higher education, five times the number when the last review took place thirty years ago.wGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

Everyone agrees a system that is feeling the strain after rapid expansion needs a lot more money-but there is little hope of getting it from the taxpayer and not much scope for attracting more finance from business.wGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

Most colleges believe students should contribute to tuition costs, something that is common elsewhere in the world but would mark a revolutionary change in Britain.  Universities want the government to introduce a loan scheme for tuition fees and have suspended their own threatened action for now.  They await Dearing’s advice, hoping it will not be too late – some are already reported to be in financial difficulty.wGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

As the century nears its end, the whole concept of what a university should be is under the microscope.  Experts ponder how much they can use computers instead of classrooms, talk of the need for lifelong leaning and refer to students as “consumers.wGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

The Confederation (联盟) of British Industry, the key employersorganization, wants even more expansion in higher education to help fight competition on world markets from booming Asian economies.  But the government has doubts about more expansion.  The Times newspaper agrees, complaining that quality has suffered as student numbers soared, with close tutorial supervision giving way to “mass production methods more typical of European universities.”wGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

1. The chief concern of British universities is _______.wGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

a. how to tackle their present financial difficulty  b. how to expand the enrollment to meet the needs of enterpriseswGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

c. how to improve their educational technology   d. how to put an end to the current tendency of quality deteriorationwGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

2. We can learn from the passage that in Britain ________.wGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

a. the government pays dearly for its financial policy   b. universities are mainly funded by businesseswGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

c. higher education is provided free of charge         d. students are ready to accept loan schemes for tuitionwGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

3 What was the percentage of high school graduates admitted to universities in Britain thirty years ago?wGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

a. 20% or so. b. About 15%.     c. Above 39%. d. Below 10%.wGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

4. It can be inferred from the passage that ________.wGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

a. the British government will be forced to increase its spending on higher educationwGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

b. British employers demand an expansion in enrollment at the expense of qualitywGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

c. the best way out for British universities is to follow their European counterpartswGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

d. British students will probably have to pay for their higher education in the near futurewGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

5. Which of the following is the viewpoint of the Times newspaper?wGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

a. Expansion in enrollment is bound to affect the quality of British higher education.wGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

b. British universities should expand their enrollment to meet the needs of industry.wGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

c. European universities can better meet the needs of the modern world.wGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

d. British universities should help fight competition on world markets.wGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

II. Translation: 70% (15+15+25+15,共70)wGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

1.  If we are not careful in the Year of the Woman, we shall end up with millions of defensive neurotic females trying to live up to all the propaganda that puts so much pressure on them to take on more than they can cope with and more than they ever want to do. wGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

2. It was a bright, cold day, the ground covered with a sleet that had' frozen so that it seemed as if all the bare trees, the bushes, the cut brush and all the grass and the bare ground had been varnished with ice, I took the young Irish setter for a walk up the road and along a frozen creek, but it was difficult to stand or walk on the glassy surface and the red dog slipped and slithered and I fell twice, hard, once dropping my gun and having it slide away over the ice.wGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

3. I am painfully aware that academic leaders have themselves too often resorted to strictly economic appeals for support because these seemed easier to explain and justify then the less tangible purposes of learning.wGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

4. We are asked to put the contents of our pockets on a table for a quick inspection.wGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

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参考答案: ACDDA wGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

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II. Translation: 70% (15+15+25+15,共70)wGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

1.  参考答案: 如果我们在女性年里不小心的话,我们就会有数以百万计的时时都设防的焦虑女性,试图和宣传的一样,给自己加压,承担了他们难以处理的事情和他们从不想承担的事情。wGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

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2. 参考答案: 那是明亮而寒冷的一天,大地覆盖了一层冰,以致于所有的光秃秃的树,灌木丛,被砍过的粗杂材和所有的草以及光秃秃的大地都消失在冰层中。我牵着爱尔兰长毛猎犬在柏油路上和冰冻的小溪边散步,但是在滑溜溜的表层站立或者散步是非常困难的,红色的小狗滑倒了,摇晃不稳的前行,我也狠狠地摔了两跤,曾经把我的枪都摔掉了,枪顺着冰滑了好远。wGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

3.参考答案:我非常痛苦地意识到,学术大家们太经常让自己着迷于经济方面的帮助了,因为这看起来非常简单地解释了学术目标的不切实际而且这也让它们看起来非常合理。wGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

 wGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

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4.参考答案:我们被要求把口袋里的东西都掏出放在桌面上以备快速的检察。wGb★济宁成人高考报名电话0537-2229526

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